For many people, though, sending old items including electronics made with potentially harmful metals to the garbage bin is done without thought for what impact the trash will have on the environment. Recycling and disposal of electronic waste isbn 97891620. The paper also discusses the national and international scenario of ewaste. A third reason the environment is a sociological topic is a bit more complex. Approximately 23 percent of deaths in these nations are linked to pollution and other environmental impacts. Electronic waste an emerging threat to the environment. Environmental impacts of waste management deficiencies and health issues. Sometimes it is treated as general municipal solid waste, and is thus incinerated in incineration. Environmental impact of processing electronic waste key issues. Kaya is the chief town of the province of sanmatenga.
Municipal solid waste and similar wastes by enviros consulting ltd and university of birmingham, with risk and policy analysts ltd, open university and maggie thurgood department for environment, food and rural affairs, u. State has to spend a lot of money to counter the effects of improper waste management. The paper gives an insight into various sources of ewaste generation, its composition along with health and environmental hazards caused by ewaste. Some waste will eventually rot, but not all, and in the process it may smell, or generate methane gas, which is explosive and. Ewaste cayman islands electronic recycling creating a cleaner environment today through recycling dated and obsolete electronics. In the uk much is buried in landfill sites holes in the ground, sometimes old quarries, sometimes specially dug. Disposing of waste has huge environmental impacts and can cause serious problems.
By michelle atkin an increasing number of electronic devices continue to escalate the number that are disposed of each year in 2012 the united states produced 3. However, the risks for humans and the environment vary depending on how the ewaste is processed. Kusuma kumari2, 1department of geology, 2department of sociology, govt. It is made up of multiple components some of which contain toxic substances that have an adverse impact on human health and environment if not handled properly that is if improper recycling and disposal methods are deployed. Impact of solid waste on the environment authorstream. In addition to its damaging effect on the environment and its illegal smuggling into developing countries, researchers have now linked ewaste to adverse effects on human health, such as inflammation and oxidative stress precursors to cardiovascular disease, dna damage and possibly cancer. Impact environmentals coordinated full service waste management process is what sets us apart in the industry. Effects on environment and human health petheeswari vetrivel, 1 and p. In this paper, the author discusses the environmental impact of ewaste. Health and environmental affects of ewaste 1800ewaste. Risk of soil erosion site is an existing vast quarry of boulders. Due to the relatively new issue of ewaste disposal, many countries especially developing ones do not yet have protocols or laws on the topic in place yet. This chapter presents an overview of the environmental impact of processing ewaste with. For some time, hyderabad has been known as the emerging silicon capital.
Improving it is vital to slowing climate change and avoiding harm to the environment. With increasing urbanisation and changing life styles, indian cities now generate 8 times more solid waste than they used to in 1947. In india, ewaste management assumes greater significance not only due to the generation of its own ewaste but also because of the dumping of ewaste from developed. Presentation overview defining ewaste what is getting recycled where does it come from industry outputs economic impacts summary. Ewaste management, disposal and its impacts on the environment. The old saying out of sight, out of mind definitely does not apply when it comes to getting rid of personal waste. Environmental impacts of waste management deficiencies. Discarded phones, tablets, computers, televisions and even washers, dryers and refrigerators are an enormous problem and only 1 million tons are recycled. Minimizing ewaste helps to conserve resources and reduces the amount of energy we take from the earth.
Among the top ten cities generating ewaste, mumbai ranks first followed by. Solutions to our environmental problems require changes in economic and environmental policies, and the potential implementation and impact of these changes depends heavily. It comprises of a multitude of components with valuable materials, some containing toxic substances, that can have an adverse impact on human health and the environment. A recent report from the united nations environment program unep found nearly 90 percent of ewaste is being illegally dumped and traded. Also this study attempts to understand the consumers awareness and their viewpoints towards environmental pollution caused by the ewaste. Here we will tell you effect of e waste on the environment. Possible impact sources or causes mitigating measures ecology pollution of surface and groundwater site is not environment sensitive and is located within an existing stone destruction of vegetation crushing plant. There are 10 states that contribute to 70% of the total ewaste generated in the. Ewaste, or electronic waste, is waste from all sorts of electronics ranging from computers and mobile phones, to household electronics such as food processors, pressure, cookers etc. A case study in the city of kaya, burkina faso 1081. In the last years, there is an increasing acknowledgment of our impact on the environment due to our lifestyle, while the need to.
Once people realize there is a problem, they become more conscious of how they buy, use and dispose of electronics. This has serious environmental impacts like water pollution, methane emissions, and soil degradation. Effects of ewaste on our environment ag electronics. Many companies have taken an initiative in creating informative videos, such as the story of stuff, giving people a new perspective on waste disposal. Improper disposal of ewaste harms our environment by damaging air, soil and water, and takes up everincreasing space in our landfills. Effects of industrial waste disposal on the surface water. Ewaste is an important global environmental and health issue. Indian institute of chemical engineers calcutta regional. To identify the total volume of ewaste which has been generated in bangladesh from 1971 to 2010june.
This research conveys the significance of the contribution of all the stakeholders regarding the ewaste management. Economic impact of ewaste american chemical society. The environmental burden of ewaste is born by people that sleep in developing countries. Partnerships combine the advantages of the private sector. The countries that generate the most and the least ewaste pdf external link.
Environment and health issues associated with ewaste. Defining ewaste not a waste but a valuable source of materials discarded consumeroffice electronic equipment including computers, monitors, mobile. Promising policy responses have arisen from the european union, which is defining the source as responsible for ewaste. E waste statistics are not only relevant in terms of the environmental impact. The effects of improper disposal of this ewaste on the environment are little known. Environmental impact of uncontrolled disposal of ewastes. According to a recent report by the bbc, ewaste pollution is causing severe health concerns for millions of people around the world, mostly in the developing nations of africa, europe and asia. To describe the impact of ewaste on environment and health in bangladesh. Our mission is to provide our clients with the most innovative, highly trained, and experienced environmental professionals in the region.
Most electronic devices contain a variety of materials, including potentially toxic metals that could be recovered for future uses. Discover all the reasons and benefits of electronic recycling while helping to. Review of environmental and health effects of waste. Pdf environment and health issues associated with ewaste. Australias ewaste crisis2009update states the following affects from materials found in ewaste. Such unregulated salvaging operations and optional dumping of the ewaste have resulted in severe and complex contamination of the surrounding environment by toxic chemicals such as heavy metals cd, pb, cu and hg, as well as persistent organic compounds such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons pahs and polychlorinated biphenyls pcbs. Given that computers form the bulk of ewaste and that most ewaste is produced in rich countries cobbing, 2008, it is probable that the actual global ewaste production is 2025 million tonnes per year, at the lower end of the united nations environment programmes uneps estimation of 2050 million tonnes per year. Electronic waste university of california, berkeley. Pdf waste of electrical and electronic apparatuses generated in huge.
Right now there are strict waste guidelines enacted by certain countries, however we as a humane society need to address this issue globally. And, for the most part, it takes less energy to make a product from recycled materials than it does to make it new from scratch. Biology of municipal waste and its impact on environment powerpoint presentation. Ewaste comprises of a multitude of components, some containing toxic substances that can have an adverse impact on human health and the environment if not handled properly. A report by environment victoria and total environment centre inc entitled tipping point. Ewaste is among the fastest growing solid waste classes and represents a serious hazard.
The united states is the largest generator of ewaste worldwide and the only industrialized nation not yet ratifying the basel convention. Pdf ewaste is a popular, informal name for electronic products nearing the end of their useful life. Challenges and opportunities associated with appropriate ewaste. The manufacturing of these devices and the use of rare materials that go into their production represent a huge source of embodied energy. Environmental responsibility r2 certified toner ink and. In view of the illeffects of hazardous wastes to both environment and health, several countries exhorted the need for a global agreement to address the problems and challenges posed by hazardous.
The environmental injustice of electronic waste center. To stop ewaste generation through a policy and law. What are the environmental impacts of waste disposal. These organizations perform the ewaste management by using proper equipment and also provide proper safety measures to the worker and on the recycling site. Pdf electronic waste health and environmental impact. Recycling raw materials from endoflife electronics is the most effective solution to the growing ewaste problem. Instead of responsibly recycling our electronic devices, america sends our ewaste to these countries. More and more people are joining the global information society and digital. Pdf ewaste management, disposal and its impacts on the. Toxins from the metals in electronics are released in to the atmosphere, and what is worse, when e.
Let us at ewaste, give you another avenue to help achieve our goals of protecting our environment. Cayman islands department of environment, 580 north sound. Indeed, consumer electronics devices ceds contain many toxic materials that can have. The ewaste generated is calculated by combining data on. To analyze the management system of dumping of e waste. Environmental and health impacts of informal ewaste.
Environmental impacts and assessment of electronic waste. Caymans environment needs to be protected as we merge into the brave new world of technology. Electronic waste or ewaste is one of the emerging problems in developed and developing countries worldwide. Electronic waste e waste management has attracted increasing attention in recent years from government, business, nongovernmental organizations, and consumers. Electronic waste affects nearly every system in the human body because the materials that make up ewaste contain a plethora of toxic components, including mercury, lead, cadmium, polybrominated flame retardants, barium, and lithium. The ewaste piles up in the landfills, which cause harm to the environment in various ways. Environmental impact of uncontrolled disposal of ewastes l. The migration of gas and leachate away from the landfill boundaries and their release into the surrounding environment present serious environmental concerns at both existing and new facilities. Informal sector in this method the ewaste is collected and disposed by unauthorized people. Ewaste is having a larger and larger negative impact on our environment. Every year tons of ewaste is added into the soil in terms of landfills which poses a threat to our ecosystem. Lead this toxic material has a welldocumented history of n egative health affects including brain damage, hence its removal from paints and. Moreover, animals depended on the environment also face a great threat due to the oil spills and leaching of chemicals which. Negative effects of improper waste management not only ends in a disgusting view but also affects the overall economy of a country.1418 277 646 1047 923 812 1497 1103 961 1071 198 1107 657 1102 434 789 597 51 242 1066 1304 239 369 865 1334 945 488 1321 968 1433